Order: Anseriformes Family: Anatidae Status: Breeding in Madeira
A medium-sized duck with a large head and neck and broad, square tail. Males in summer plumage have triangular orange sails.
Drakes are colorful with a white head band, bushy orange whiskers, orange sails and red bill. Females, eclipse males and juveniles are grey-brownish with fine white spectacles, the eclipse male keeps its red bill while females and juveniles have it pink-greyish.
This is a relatively silent duck except when displaying.
Some feral populations have established in Europe and Porto Santo is one of these cases, where the species escaped from captivity, started to breed at Tanque pond and then spread to other water reservoirs in that island.
Females, eclipse males and juveniles of Mandarin Duck may resemble those of Wood Duck but the first has lighter and greyer colors overall.
Wingspan: 68 - 74 cm (Beaman & Madge, 2011)
Total length: 41 - 49 cm (Beaman & Madge, 2011)
Seasonality in Madeira: All year (in Porto Santo)
Breeding: Builds its nest in wooded areas near shallow lakes, marshes or ponds and lays between 9 and 12 eggs in a single, annual clutch.
Diet: Eats plants, seeds, some insects and small fish
Madeira local status by Correia-Fagundes et al, 2021: Very rare breeding bird
Madeira local status by Trujillo, 2012: Breeding bird
Conservation status by the IUCN Red List Categories, 2013: Least Concern ver 3.1
Spanish: Pato Mandarín
French: Canard mandarin
Italian: Anatra mandarina
Slovak: Kačička mandarínska
Czech: Kachnička mandarínská
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