Superfamily: Papilionoidea Family: Nymphalidae Status: Endemic to Madeira
A dark brown, medium-large butterfly with orange spots which may be confused with its European congener, the Speckled Wood. The main differences are its fore-wings’ outer margin which are slightly convex and mostly brown, a distinctive but small white mark on costa on its marbled brown undersides and the two eye-spots on the upperside hind-wing.
The larva feeds on several Gramineae, including Agrostis gigantea, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Holcus lanatus and Festuca donax (Aguiar & Karsholt, 2006).
Can be seen all year round from sea level up to a thousand meters of altitude though is normally associated with Laurel and Chestnut Forest.
Only occurs in Madeira Island (Aguiar & Karsholt, 2006)
Regional status according to Aguiar & Karsholt, 2008: Endemic to Madeira
Regional status according to Aguiar & Karsholt, 2006: Endemic to Madeira
Regional status according to Wakeham-Dawson et al., 2001: Endemic
Status according to the European Red List of Butterflies, 2010: Endangered
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