European Robin Erithacus rubecula rubecula (Linnaeus, 1758)

Order: Passeriformes Family: Muscicapidae Status: Breeding in Madeira

European Robin Erithacus rubecula rubecula

Recommended birdwatching tours to watch this bird

Half-day birdwatching
Full-day birdwatching

European Robin Field ID Keys

Shape & Size

A medium-sized chat with short bill and short legs

Colour Pattern

Robin has olive-brown upper-parts, orange face and breast and olive-buff underside. Its bill and eyes are black and legs are brown.


In Madeira, Robins are not so tame as in Europe. Their singing can be heard from trees which is normally the way to spot them. It is usually aggressive towards other individuals. Its flight is normally short, low and flitting into cover.


It is a widespread species through Europe though absent from Iceland. It occurs in a wide variety of forests, woodlands and gardens.

Distinction from similar species

Only a juvenile Robin could be mistaken with other chats. Adults Robin is very distinct from other European birds.

Erithacus rubecula Biometrics

Wingspan: 20 - 22 cm (Hume, 2002)
Total length: 14 cm (Beaman & Madge, 2011)
Weight: 16 - 22 g (Hume, 2002)

Other Bird Facts

Seasonality in Madeira: All year
Breeding: Builds its nest in dense bush or hedge where it lays 4 to 6 eggs in each of 2 broods between April and August
Diet: Feeds mainly on spiders, insects, worms, berries and seeds from the ground


Madeira local status by Correia-Fagundes et al, 2021: Common breeding bird
Madeira local status by Romano et al, 2010: Common breeding bird
Madeira local status by Zino et al, 1995: Common breeding bird
Conservation status by the IUCN Red List Categories, 2013: Least Concern ver 3.1

Name of this species in other languages

Madeiran: Papinho
Portuguese: Pisco-de-peito-ruivo
German: Rotkehlchen
Dutch: Roodborst
Swedish: Rödhake
Danish: R√łdhals
Finish: Punarinta
Norwegian: R√łdstrupe
Spanish: Petirrojo Europeo
French: Rougegorge familier, Rougegorge
Italian: Pettirosso europeo
Polish: Rudzik
Slovak: ńćervienka obyńćajn√°
Czech: ńćervenka obecn√°
English synonyms: Robin

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