Order: Passeriformes Family: Fringillidae Status: Breeding in Madeira
Rather large and stocky finch with a heavy conical bill.
The overall colouring of the Greenfinch is greenish yellow and the bird has a stout, pale bill. The sexes are markedly different, with the male being greener than the female which has a more brownish colour. The tail is black with yellow edges, the chest and undersides are yellowish and legs are light pink. Greenfinches have a dark eye mask and, when in flight, clearly display yellow wing stripes.
In Madeira it does not often forms flocks with Atlantic Canary or European Goldfinch. Likes to perch on top of coniferous trees and call.
Its flight is undulating with bursts of quick wingbeats between close-winged swoops
This species is generally found in coniferous forests, woodland edges, gardens and some cultivated areas.
Greenfinch is only found on the island of Madeira and its population is very localized.
Greenfinch can sometimes be misidentified as a Siskin as they both have yellow stripes on their wings though the first is much larger and does not have streaked underparts.
Wingspan: 25 - 27 cm (Hume, 2002)
Total length: 14 - 16 cm (Svensson et al, 2009)
Weight: 25 - 32 g (Hume, 2002)
Seasonality in Madeira: All year
Breeding: The cup-shaped nest is built in thick bushes or trees and it holds 4 to 6 eggs in 2 or 3 broods from April to July.
Diet: Eats seeds and berried both from trees and from the ground.
Madeira local status by Romano et al, 2010: Rare breeding bird
Madeira local status by Zino et al, 1995: Very rare breeding bird
Conservation status by the IUCN Red List Categories, 2013: Least Concern ver 3.1
Portuguese: Verdilhão, Verdelhão
Spanish: Verderón Común
French: Verdier d'Europe
Italian: Verdone eurasiatico
Slovak: Zelienka obyčajná
Czech: Zvonek zelený
English synonyms: Common Greenfinch
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