Order: Charadriiformes Family: Scolopacidae Status: Breeding in Madeira
A round-shaped woodland bird with broad, rounded wings, a long, straight, thick bill and short legs.
This is a brownish bird with dead-leaf pattern on upperparts, broad dark subterminal tail band, dark bars on rear-crown and unmarked forehead. Its underparts are evenly barred on yellow-brown ground colour.
An extremely difficult bird to see due to its camouflaged colour and crepuscular habits. Rarely seen on the ground, if disturbed it flies off quite low with loud wing noise. Its flight is quite quick and straight, dashing away in zigzags.
It is a typical woodland wader with mixture of low-growing plants, open areas, muddy ditches and streams. In Madeira is normally seen in woodlands above 700 meters of altitude.
It can be mistaken by Snipe species, such as Common Snipe or Great Snipe though it has a slower flight and less zigzagged than Snipes and does not have the pale stripes on head.
Wingspan: 56 - 60 cm (Beaman & Madge, 2011)
Total length: 33 - 35 cm (Beaman & Madge, 2011)
Weight: 250 - 420 g (Hume, 2002)
Seasonality in Madeira: All year
Breeding: Its nest is a slight hollow in dead leaves under thick vegetation. It lays up to 4 eggs in a single brood between March and August.
Diet: It feeds on worms, beetles and seeds
Madeira local status by Correia-Fagundes et al, 2021: Rare breeding bird
Madeira local status by Romano et al, 2010: Common breeding bird
Madeira local status by Zino et al, 1995: Common breeding bird
Conservation status by the IUCN Red List Categories, 2013: Least Concern ver 3.1
Spanish: Chocha Perdiz
French: Bécasse des bois
Italian: Beccaccia eurasiatica
Slovak: Sluka hôrna
Czech: Sluka lesní
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