Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata orbitalis (Wahlberg, 1854)

Order: Passeriformes Family: Sylviidae

Status: Breeding in Madeira

<i>Sylvia conspicillata orbitalis</i>
<i>Sylvia conspicillata orbitalis</i>
Spectacled Warbler
Spectacled Warbler

Recommended birdwatching tours to watch this bird

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Full-day birdwatching&#13;
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Spectacled Warbler Field ID Keys

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Shape & Size

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A medium-small compact warbler with short tail, bill and legs.&#13;
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Colour Pattern

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Spectacled Warbler has mouse-brown body with uniform rufous wing-panel, dull pinkish chest, white throat, white outer tail feathers and orange-brown legs. Males have grey heads while females have it brown-grey. They both show well its white eye-ring.&#13;
Spectacled Warbler is a subspecies endemic to Madeira, as its plumage is darker than that of the species found on mainland Europe. &#13;
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Behavior

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This bird is very difficult to observe as it is always hiding between the bushes, though its calling is very easy to distinguish it from other birds. It normally flies low between bushes, perching briefly on bush tops and then diving into dense cover. In breeding season it gets easier to see it when it displays and signs more often on the top of bushes. &#13;
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Habitat

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Fairly common in Southwest Europe and North of Africa. Typical of low bushy and scrubby habitats. It occurs in Madeira and Porto Santo islands and is normally observed in areas with Pride of Madeira Echium candicans or Gorse Ulex europaeus.&#13;
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Distinction from similar species

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Spectacled Warbler resembles a smaller and shorter tailed Common Whitethroat which is a rare vagrant bird to Madeira.&#13;
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Sylvia conspicillata Biometrics

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Total length: 12.5 cm (Duivendijk, 2010)&#13;
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Other Bird Facts

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Seasonality in Madeira: All year&#13;
Breeding: The authors have seen several times in January birds carrying nesting material into bushes.&#13;
Diet: It mainly picks insects from foliage and may also feed on some berries and seeds.&#13;
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Status

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Madeira local status by Romano et al, 2010: Rare breeding bird&#13;
Madeira local status by Zino et al, 1995: Rare breeding bird&#13;
Conservation status by the IUCN Red List Categories, 2013: Least Concern ver 3.1&#13;
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Name of this species in other languages

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Madeiran: Cigarrinho&#13;
Portuguese: Toutinegra-tomilheira&#13;
German: Brillengrasmücke-orbitalis, Brillengrasmücke&#13;
Dutch: Brilgrasmus&#13;
Swedish: Glasögonsångare&#13;
Danish: Brillesanger&#13;
Finish: Pikkupensaskerttu&#13;
Norwegian: Maskesanger&#13;
Spanish: Curruca Tomillera&#13;
French: Fauvette à lunettes&#13;
Italian: Sterpazzola di Sardegna&#13;
Polish: Pokrzewka okularowa&#13;
Slovak: Penica okuliarnatá&#13;
Czech: Pěnice brýlatá&#13;
English synonyms: Spectacled Warbler&#13;
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<i>Sylvia conspicillata orbitalis</i>
Spectacled Warbler
<i>Sylvia conspicillata orbitalis</i>

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