The Canary is a small songbird, native to the Macaronesia area (Madeira, Azores and the Canary Islands). It is a bird easily identified by its bright yellow breast and brown back with greyish stripes. The female is distinguished from the male by being less colourful.
This bird is generally distributed throughout the Archipelago of Madeira, being found on the islands of Madeira, the Desertas and Porto Santo, from the seashore to the upper altitudes.
As this species is generally found throughout the archipelago, it does not have a well-defined habitat, but farm lands and areas with creeping or sparse vegetation are the most common.
Canaries breed between February and March, then build their nests and lay from 4 to 6 eggs. The canary may lay eggs 5 to 6 times during the course of a year.
Canaries were once used in coal mining as a warning system. Due to their tendency to sing much of the time, they provided a good audible evidence for toxic gases releases, as it would die before affecting the miners.